The 6 phases of Inclusion and Provision of Public Law 99-457

A very good morning everyone.

Hope you enjoyed your weekend. So am i. I had just finished my dream programme in UKM. It went successfully at Dectar last 23 of March. Im really happy with the outcomes.

Today i’m going to discuss about Phases of inclusion and provision of public law.  The provision of public law includes the Education for Handicapped Children Act Amendments of 1986.

Numerous section of PL 94-142[1975] were amended when President Reagan signed into law of Education of  the Handicapped Act Amendments of 1986.Provision includes the following:

-All the rights and protection of PL 94-142[Part B] were extended to children with disabilities ages 3 to 5 years in the school year of 1990-1991. To support the achievement of this objective,The preschool incentive Grant programme was revised to reflect authorization of a dramatic increase in  the federal fiscal contribution.

-A new state grant programme  for disabled infants and toddlers.

-A statements of the child’s present level of physical development , cognitive development, language and speech development and so on, which is based on professionally acceptable objective criteria.

there are some legal implications:

-With the concurrence of the family a  statement of the family’s strength needs related to enhancing the development of the child.

– Other services and the steps that will be undertaken to secure those services.

-The projected dates for initiation of the services and the anticipated duration.

The major features of the provision 99-457 are as follows:

  • Establishes state-level interagency councils on early intervention.
  • Institutes individualized family service plans (IFSPs)
  • Provides case management services to families
  • Maintains a public awareness program that includes a comprehensive child find system and a central early intervention resource directory.
  • Requires the development of a multidisciplinary, coordinated interagency model of service delivery.
  • Establishes procedural safeguards.
  • Acknowledges the family to be the central focus of service.
  • Provides for smooth transitions as a family moves from one service or system to another.
  • Facilitates development of a comprehensive system of personnel development.

These amendments reauthorize the Education of Handicapped Act [EHA] and include a rigorous national agenda pertaining to more and better services to young special need children and their families.


Presentation1-public law……..

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There are six phases of inclusion. Students may be included by the definition of inclusion’promoting the restructure of general education so that all students are educated in that setting from the beginning of their school careers’.

1.Social inclusion

any student can be placed within general education and not to be accepted. The appropriate social skills for social integration are not taught or have not been taught.

2. Emotional inclusion

After a student has received a majority of his/her education separated from general education and is returned to general education,an emotional shock from change may arise. Rules, routines,procedures and so forth are different. Classwork and assignments are new.

3. Behavioural inclusion

New behaviours are expected as environments change- both for students and teachers. Many students behaviours became misbehaviours when inclusion occurs.

4. Physical inclusion

his face of inclusion probably was the first concept for inclusion and relates to the mandate of least restrictive environment. The placement met the concept of the law may not have allowed for an appropriate eduction.

5. Academic inclusion

Physical inclusion is normal. Academic inclusion needs growth.

6.Inclusion by Assessment standards

Assessment have moved to the front of educational conversation.It also had become a front-runner in issue of inclusion.

The rights of a child with disability to a free and appropriate education in the least restrictive environment remains guaranteed by law.

legislation      kamu_hukuk


The Miracle Worker….:)

A very good morning….

This week, i’m going to do a reflection on a movie which was great and inspired me as a future teacher.  The movie is entitled as ‘The Miracle Worker’.

We watched the movie during our tutorial class when Ummi was away to UNITEN. It was such a great movie to get watched. The Miracle Worker is based on a true story of Helen Keller who is a American author, political activist, and lecturer. Helen became deaf and blind due to an illness at the age of 19 months which is acute congestion of stomach and brain. But the age of 10 months, She can speak and listen as a normal person. At that time, she was able to communicate with Martha Washington, the 6 year old daughter of the cook who understood her sign Helen had a desperate feelings to talk and listen and she was also depressed when peoples surrounding her can do so and she can’t communicate with them. She had a hard life…Her parents pampered her too much and provides her a candy every time she did something. They just let her behave in her own wish because of love and care. The only way Helen’s father thought of is sending to an asylum. They never taught her any good behavior….Then, a teacher named Annie Sullivan was appointed to teach the child.When she came to the house, she started the teaching process using a word named d-o-l-l  for the doll she had brought for Helen as present. Helen was frustrated at first when she did not understand that every objects have it’s own name. Miss Annie suffers a lot because of Helen. She must be really calm and patient. If i were her, surely i can’t cope with the child. Miss Annie suffers hardship when she tries to make Helen to talk. She teach Helen to behave and so on….

She was a great teacher in my point of view. Although Helen had done many things to her, she still copes with it and tried her best to make Helen talk. She brought Helen to a place where Helen can learn. Her dad was disagree with her but Miss Annie still negotiate with him and she only gets two weeks of time…

For me, the time is not enough because of Helen’s condition. She needs more time to learn to imitate and speak. She was too pampered until her behavior changed when she go back home. If her parents taught her everything at first, she won’t suffer like this.But everybody is busy with their work. Moreover, Helen has a half brother who always condemn her. But at last he will repent. Miss Annie was so dedicated to her job. She was strong with her decision to make Helen speak. At last, Helen spoke a word which is w-a-t-e-r and everybody was happy. Then, from the day onwards, Miss Annie stayed with Helen for the rest of  her lifetime. It  was the beginning of 49 years old relationship, Sullivan evolving into governess and eventual companion.

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4TH REFLECTION – Multiple Intelligence…..

The theory of multiple intelligences was proposed by Howard Gardner in his 1983 book Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences as a model of intelligence that differentiates intelligence into specific (primarily sensory) “modalities”, rather than seeing it as dominated by a single general ability.

Gardner argues that there is a wide range of cognitive abilities, and that there are only very weak correlations among them. For example, the theory postulates that a child who learns to multiply easily is not necessarily more intelligent than a child who has more difficulty on this task. The child who takes more time to master multiplication may best learn to multiply through a different approach, may excel in a field outside mathematics, or may be looking at and understanding the multiplication process at a fundamentally deeper level. Such a fundamental understanding can result in slowness and can hide a mathematical intelligence potentially higher than that of a child who quickly memorizes the multiplication table despite possessing a less deep understanding of the process of multiplication.

Intelligence tests and psychometrics have generally found high correlations between different aspects of intelligence, rather than the low correlations which Gardner’s theory predicts, supporting the prevailing theory of  general intelligences rather than multiple intelligences (MI). The theory has been widely criticized by mainstream psychology for its lack of empirical evidence, and its dependence on subjective judgement. Certain models of alternative education employ the approaches suggested by the theory.

Multiple intelligence quiz is a form which helps us to determine which intelligence are strongest for you.If we are a teacher, we can use it to find out which intelligence that the learners use the most.Psychologist Howard Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligence suggests that there are many different kinds of intelligence.


I had tried  Howard Gardner’s multiple intelligence  quiz. It is really interesting as i can know my strength and weakness through it. I can search for my self smart, logic smart, nature smart,music smart, body smart, picture smart and people smart.

This is my multiple intelligence result…..

Through the result, we can know what we are strong and weak in.

For me, it is a good personality test that everyone should try..

Multiple Intelligences Quiz Your Results: Linguistic-Verbal Intelligence
Linguistic-verbal intelligence is centered on spoken and written language abilities. People with strong linguistic-verbal intelligence enjoy both reading and writing. They tend to learn best when they read or hear information and often enjoy debating or giving persuasive speeches.Common characteristics of linguistic-verbal intelligence:

  • Good at explaining things to others
  • Able to use humor when telling stories
  • Strong ability to listen and remember spoken information
  • Understands both the literal and figurative meaning of words
  • Able to use language in many different ways, such as to entertain, to persuad and to inform
  • Strong grammar skills

Learn more about this type of intelligence and some of the best career options for people who are strong in this area in this overview of linguistic-verbal intelligence.j



Im back to reflection.My third reflection is going to be about the third movie which is Temple Grandin.  When i look deep inside the story, it looks really interesting. Temple Grandin was born on August 29 1947. She was an American doctor of animal science and Profesor at Colorado state University. She was also an consultant to the livestock industry on animal behavior. She had created the ‘hug box’ for the autistic children.Her autism was detected when she was a child.

Temple has gone through a lot of pain and suffering. But she gets help from her mother and teachers to unlock her talents. Temple had made a lot of achievements. Her designs had revolutionized animal handling practices.Half of the cattle in north America are handled in center-track restrainer system she had designed. Temple rise from an autistic child to an innovative scientist has been immortalized on film. She loves animals.That restraint, unusual in a portrait of a person who heroically overcomes a handicap, is oddly captivating and makes the story all the more touching. “Temple Grandin,” which has its debut on Saturday and stars  Claire Denes in the title role, is a made-for-television biopic that avoids the mawkish cliches of the genre without draining the narrative of color and feeling.

‘Temple Grandin’ movie is an humane approach. In this movie, Claire was an autistic child and people misunderstood the concept of autism. Her mother tries to help he in home when a doctor recommended to claire’s mum the she should be taken to an institution. Then Claire realises that she have certain strength. She finds a way to self medicate.Temple understand animals behavior very well. She will imagine a thing in head and construct it in to a real one. Temple had learned how to channel her special gift into a brilliant career as  scientist. i’m really amazed with the film. Everybody should read and watch Temple Grandin.

Based on the story, i suggest that everybody should understand about Autism. They must also encouraged the person who had Autism to lead a better life and treat them in a good way. We can get a lot of information from the television, books, magazines and so on.


I think it is a nice poem for Autism. It is really supportive for a autistic child. It explains about a mothers prayer for the child.


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I love ‘Temple Grandin so much…we should appreciate autistic children. Claire acted really well in this movie. The movie was so inspiring for everybody. I can learn about Autistic in a deep way. Everybody can be successful in their life if they unlock their talent.  We must also discover the hidden talents in Autistic child and let it shine.

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We must remember that every child have their own speciality. Teachers at school have to tackle  it out. Children also have their own capability in their studies. We must help them where some of the child are introvert. We  must turn them to a extrovert person. We must help them to reveal their talent which is really important for them to have  a bright future.

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That’s all from me…Thank you…:)