LEARNING KIT COMPILATION

A good evening everybody…..

I hope everybody is doing fine.

so, i had did my reflection and video on my digital message. Now i would like to talk about the compilation  of  our learning kit. So far we had did poster, power point, digital message and video. Basically our materials are about culture and personality.

Culture is the characteristics of particular group of individuals….It is also….

      Culture refers to the cumulative deposit of knowledge, experience, beliefs, values, attitudes, meanings, hierarchies, religion, notions of time, roles, spatial relations, concepts of the    universe, and material objects and possessions acquired by a group of people in the course of generations through individual and group striving.Culture is the systems of knowledge shared by a relatively large group of people. Culture is communication, communication is culture.

While personality is……

  1. The combination of characteristics or qualities that form an individual’s distinctive character.
  2. Qualities that make someone interesting or popular.

So now we will talk about the poster. The poster includes that teachers should be a guidance and a role model so that students will follow their path. A proper guide will help students to achieve success in their examination. A role model is important so that students will follow all the positive behavior of a teacher. Then, School should be ethnically integrated so that students will cooperate with other students who are different religion. RIMUP also should be integrated. Polarized school system must be also introduced.

Here is the poster.

POSTER LEARNER

Next we will go to the digital message which is prepared by us..

Students have their own culture of studying. Some love to study alone and some loves to be in study group. Teachers should stimulate the intellectual development of the children.To truly engage students, we must reach out to them in ways that are culturally and linguistically responsive and appropriate, and we must examine the cultural assumptions and stereotypes we bring into the classroom that may hinder interconnectedness.

Students must also have a respect on the educators so that that the teaching and learning process will run smoothly. Students must have attentive listening in the classroom. Students must set their own goal and try to achieve it.Teacher must asses and monitor the students from time to time. Teachers should celebrate achievements with their children.

Here are some example that i had done……

190420101143    students-classroom-Malaysia

images- in1     st 2

Here are the digital message for personality…..

images- in1   18709473-unhappy-male-student-working-at-desk-in-chinese-school-classroom

happy  ???????????????????????????????????????

This is my own reflection on my digital message….

http://youtu.be/yFMC2CjHD3

 

A video had been done on the culture and personality…….

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gY555wOKqRw

 

This is the powerpoint done by our group members……

Personality and culture

 

thank you.

branded-educate-102

11 TH REFLECTION…:)….THE LAST PRESENTATION

A very good morning everyone….

I’m sorry for posting  my reflection quiet late…..It’s because i was busy with other presentations and macro teaching.

So this was the last day of tutorial question’s presentation. It was started by ahmad khusyairie and prasna. Then it was ended by Nurashikin. Ahmad Khusyairie and Prasna presented about the 1 Malaysia Concept which is really important to our country. The concept evolves around culture of excellence,perseverance, acceptance, education  and so on. 1 Malaysia  seeks to improve the relations of all malaysian regardless of race and religion. According to Ahmad khusyairie, 1 Malaysia concept caters the needs of all sector of plural society and also  to ensure equal distribution of wealth between racial groups and so on. 1 Malaysia’s goal is to preserve and enhance  this unity in diversity which has always been our strength and remains our best hope  for the future.

The strategies are  culture of excellence, perseverance, acceptance, education, integrity, meritocracy, humility and loyalty.

Next presenter was prasna. She presented about the obstacles that may prevent the achievement of  1 Malaysia concept.  As she explained, in the school system, there is ethnically and linguistically polarized  primary schools. Almost 90% of chinese and 50% of indian students  had no opportunities to interact with malay students in the same category. There is also a quota system for the school.  There is some religious sentiment among them where ethn- centric [weird and immoral]. Difference is measured by family background, attitude and so on. There is unhelpful religious sentiments which undermine the practice and institution of other religion. The language also had become one of the factor. they have their mother tongue such as tamil and chinese. They can’t accept Bahasa Melayu as an official language. It shows the difference between the races. Next is goal, where it is not ethnically integrated, not common and shared goal and so on. The last one is speciality where special position of malays and bumiputera occurs.

The last presenter  was Nurashikin. she presented about cooperative learning. In describing cooperative learning, we can organize classroom activities into academic and social learning, structuring positive interdependence, assess as a whole group and so on. There are three commonly recognized types which is formal and informal cooperative learning and cooperative based groups. Some of the models are jigsaw,think pair and share, group investigation and so on. There are some way to implement the model which is positive interdependence, face to face interaction and lot more.

so that’s all for today..thank you.

1_Malaysia_Concept_2_by_Hamzani1malaysia

Learning Kit….:)-digital message [individual part]

A very good evening everybody….it’s been a long time since i updated the blog……

This week, i would like to update about our learning kit. Actually ,  we are supposed  to  present our learning kit few weeks ago but because of some unavoidable reasons, we are not be able to present it. So we will present it online. My group consists of me myself,Nur Ana, Prasna and Khusyairie. Our learning kit is about culture and personality of students.I will talk about my part that i should present in power point last time.

As we all know, studying is a process of acquiring knowledge. Culture and personality are closely-linked to the way students studying.

Culture is the characteristics of particular group of individuals….It is also….

      Culture refers to the cumulative deposit of knowledge, experience, beliefs, values, attitudes, meanings, hierarchies, religion, notions of time, roles, spatial relations, concepts of the    universe, and material objects and possessions acquired by a group of people in the course of generations through individual and group striving.Culture is the systems of knowledge shared by a relatively large group of people. Culture is communication, communication is culture.

While personality is……

  1. The combination of characteristics or qualities that form an individual’s distinctive character.
  2. Qualities that make someone interesting or popular.

Students have their own culture of studying. Some love to study alone and some loves to be in study group. Teachers should stimulate the intellectual development of the children.To truly engage students, we must reach out to them in ways that are culturally and linguistically responsive and appropriate, and we must examine the cultural assumptions and stereotypes we bring into the classroom that may hinder interconnectedness.

Students must also have a respect on the educators so that that the teaching and learning process will run smoothly. Students must have attentive listening in the classroom. Students must set their own goal and try to achieve it.Teacher must asses and monitor the students from time to time. Teachers should celebrate achievements with their children.

Here are some examples of my digital message on Culture……

190420101143students-classroom-Malaysia

images- in1st 2

While personality is……

  1. The combination of characteristics or qualities that form an individual’s distinctive character.
  2. Qualities that make someone interesting or popular

Each students have different personality.According to a research by California State University, In classroom, some students will participate actively while some are not. They will be passive learners. some of them will be looking sad, some are happy go lucky and so on.Extroverts tend to prefer learning situation that afford interaction while the introverts will tend to prefer smaller groups. The person who have passive personalities will initiate a question or volunteer an answer to a teacher’s question. Introvert students have less academic achievement than extroverts.

Here are some of the digital messages that involves personality.

images- in1angry-boy18709473-unhappy-male-student-working-at-desk-in-chinese-school-classroom

happy???????????????????????????????????????

so that’s all from me today..thank you….

st3

MY VIDEO ON LEARNING KIT-DIGITAL MESSAGE…….can be viewed on

http://youtu.be/yFMC2CjHD3

REFLECTION 10…

Good evening everyone……

We had  a presentation slot this time with Jannah and Nora. The first presenter was Nora. She describes learner diversity in Malaysia. It refers to all inclusive, collection mixture of all human differences and similarities  along a given dimension.  The dimension of diversity are educational background, learning style, disability,age, gender, religion and so on. Level of teachers perspective towards school diversity is still in moderate level. Teacher take things lightly in the education content. Ministry of education and school must execute awareness programs and facilities for teachers and students should be improved.

Next presenter was Jannah. She discussed about how education for all will be achieved. It depends on government and society. In government, They should state that primary school education is compulsory for all children. Children should master 3M. Special schools for special needs children should be provided and also some financial aid for the person who needs it. Government also must be based on  co-curriculum and curriculum syllabus so that it will be easier for teachers to conduct the classes. Special schools should increased to help the special children to get their education in a correct way.Society should should have self  awareness of about the importance of education in future and also self experience in education.

That’s all…thank you…:)

Education(1)     branded-educate-102

REFLECTION 9…

Good evening everyone….I hope that everybody are doing fine…..

This week, we had another session of joyful presentation. The presentation was started by Shafika. The slide show was entitled global and analytical learners. Her presentation was quite nice. Basically, learning styles explains how individual  interacts with information. There is global and analytical learning style.No person is bound by one learning style. The global style is linked to the right hemisphere of the brain. It takes information holistically.It prefers background music. While, The analytical style involves the left hemisphere brain. It takes information sequentially step by step. It requires quite surrounding. Global workers prefer to work in groups than alone. They prefer to work on multiple tasks at once. They always see on a big picture. While  analytical learners prefer to study alone.They tend to work on one task until completion. They focuses on parts that make up a big picture. Teachers can identify the key differences in students learning styles to support them.Teachers can develop a lesson plan that suits both learners such as incorporating narratives, and group works. They can provide an activity the follows sequence and so on that leads to larger concept of understanding.Numerous assessment test allows individuals to determine their own learning styles and help parents and teachers to find way to encourage teaching.Analytical learners provide traditional class setting,shows and organize the sequences of information and leads to larger concept of understanding.

Next presenter was Imran. His  presentation also quite nice. He explained about teaching youth with learning disability. There is few elements which is dyslexia, discalculia,disgraphia,aphasia and dyspraxia. He explained each one of it very well. Students with dyslexia have problems with reading. They can be taught to use time wisely and teacher should provide handouts,utilize other resources and so on.For dysgraphia, they have problem in writing. They can be taught by providing remediation to improve their handwriting. they also should be allowed for accomodation.Task should modified to avoid problems.Then, for discalculia who have problems in mathematics and logic. They should start with solid foundation of number recognition and operations.Real life situation or mathematical concept should be used whenever possible. Music and games can be used for memorization process.Hand held calculators also can help the students.For the aphasia’s, they have difficulty in language. They  can use picture cards for learning. They can cut out pictures from magazines or print them.Picture cards are most helpful exercise in home to help the students.Specific programs are available for aphasia therapy.For the children with  dyspraxia, they have problem with their motor skills.They should be given short, precise instruction and engage in as eye contact.Activities such as clapping, hopping, and marching to music thant he recognize can be fun.

Next was ana’s presentation. She presented about the learning disability. First was dyslexia.They have problems in reading, writing and so on.The common signs are painfully reading, difficulty in basic letter sounds, trouble in decoding and cannot recall known words. In dysgraphia, they have problems with handwriting and spelling. The common signs are awkward pencil grip, illegible handwriting, frustration with writing thoughts on paper and so on.It results in irregular letter sizes and shapes,causes writing fatigue,interferes with communication idea in writing and results in unfinished letters and so on.In dyscalculia,  they have problems in doing mathematical problem, understanding time and money.The common signs are  difficulty recalling number sequence, may mistake number that have similar shape and so on.They can’t remember the specific facts ,learning musical concepts,learning abstract concepts and so on.While, children with aphasia have difficulty with language.They have problem in understanding spoken language, poor reading, difficulty expressing thoughts verbally and frustrated when speaking.

       dyscalculia 1

dyscalculia

Reflection 8…..

A very good evening everyone….

This is my eighth reflection. This week is i and kak na’s turn where i had presented about the Provision of Public Law 99-457. I was less confident at first because i can’t understand the topic clearly. Public law 99-457 is aimed to provide early intervention services for all eligible children as defined by legislation. The components of EHA part C was proven and was retained and refined to maximize support towards achieving the objectives of the early new intervention and preschool initiatives.

The public law not only focuses on the child but also on the family. Law shifts from a child-centered, single agency planning effort to a family focused and multidisciplinary effort. Individualised  Family Service Plan is a paramount importance to the child and family. It is a statement of child’s present level of physical development, cognitive development and so on.

images -pub

As far as i know about inclusion is it is divided to six components…

There are six phases of inclusion. Students may be included by the definition of inclusion’promoting the restructure of general education so that all students are educated in that setting from the beginning of their school careers’.

1.Social inclusion

any student can be placed within general education and not to be accepted. The appropriate social skills for social integration are not taught or have not been taught.

2. Emotional inclusion

After a student has received a majority of his/her education separated from general education and is returned to general education,an emotional shock from change may arise. Rules, routines,procedures and so forth are different. Classwork and assignments are new.

3. Behavioural inclusion

New behaviours are expected as environments change- both for students and teachers. Many students behaviours became misbehaviours when inclusion occurs.

4. Physical inclusion

his face of inclusion probably was the first concept for inclusion and relates to the mandate of least restrictive environment. The placement met the concept of the law may not have allowed for an appropriate eduction.

5. Academic inclusion

Physical inclusion is normal. Academic inclusion needs growth.

6.Inclusion by Assessment standards

Next was Farah’s presentation….

Farah did about the five features behaviors towards low achiever mentioned by Kauffman. The students should know consequences of appropriate behavior and misbehavior. Teacher should give clear direction and hold firm their expectations. Teacher should provide instruction which is clear to the children. Teachers must find a way to make their material used interesting. Teacher should reward the right behavior.They must give attention primarily when students are behaving in appropriate way. There are some demands appropriate for children’s abilities which is high expectation leads to the students pressure and so on….

Then Niesa presents her slide…..

Niesa did about multidisciplinary team. She have to describe the roles of five members in the team who is general and special educator,principal, parents and students. The general educator shares with other consultant about the goals that can be achieved and so on.  The special educator recognizes suitable techniques to be used towards students with special needs.Parents should provide information about the students current performance. Principal should monitor’s the students movement in school.Students are responsible for their own studies outcome.

That’s all for today…thank you…:)

 

samuel1Diversity & Inclusion_tcm31-628740

TUTORIAL REFLECTION 7…..:) -Week 8

A very good morning everybody….

It’s been a long time since i updated my blog. I’m very sorry about that because i had been busy with my micro teaching past few weeks.

Let’s move on to the tutorial questions. Our beloved lecturer, Prof Rosseni had divided few assignments to us.One of it is the presentation based on a topic given. There is some students who present alone and some with their pair. It depends on the question.  We had some lovely cupcakes provided by our lecturer during the presentation. Thank you ummi…:)

The first presenter was Adira. She presented about” learner diversity and differentiated teaching”. It is quite interesting as it was easy to understand the points. She emphasized on the components of ‘SAALE MODEL’ and how a teacher can use it in teaching and learning process. ‘SAALE’ stands for S- systematic, A- approach for, A- adapting the  L- learning  E-environment. SAALE MODEL had begun during 1970’s and  aimed to allowed disabled children to get the same curriculum. It is a universal design and gave extra opportunities of access to students. According to what is explained by her, SAALE MODEL has three main components which is adapted environment, adapted instructional environments which is planning and teaching, and Adapted evaluation.

Adapted environment have three components which is socio- emotional, physical and behavioral. It is used to alert to a certain situation in class. The second one is adapted instructional environment which consists of  lesson plan, techniques and so on. It is used to do some changes in the stated matters. the last one which is adapted evaluation consists of  students evaluation and grading and used in holistic evaluation. Fairness is a must.

The next presenter was Nadia. She was quite nervous at first but she managed to present confidently.. Her topic is ‘Autism’. It is an interesting topic actually. According to nadia, There are four major characteristics of autism which is communication, social interaction, unusual behavior and learning. Communication were divided into two component which is verbal and non verbal. Social interaction is difficulty relating to people, events or object. Unusual behavior happens when the children have repetitive moments,  insistence  on sameness and so on. In learning, children have cognitive problem in attention and so on.

There are few signs of autism. It is inability to relate to others, hyperactive or passiveness, poor or lack of speech, strange attachments to objects and so on. Teacher should use various methods to facilitate them. Teacher can use instructional approaches, plan task at appropriate level, provide clear and brief oral instruction,and provide relaxation opportunities. Teachers can also use social stories.

autism

autism 2

The last presenter was Yasmin. She presented about down syndrome children. Down syndrome children have few conditions which is delays, chromosonal condition, common abnormality in human [differences in IQ] nad so on. There is some identification of  down syndrome child. It is prenatal screening, after birth screening and pregnancy termination. There is some two types of educational institutes for the children which is regular school and specialized educational facilities.

downs+baby

All of them did very well…that’s all for today..thank you.

 

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The 6 phases of Inclusion and Provision of Public Law 99-457

A very good morning everyone.

Hope you enjoyed your weekend. So am i. I had just finished my dream programme in UKM. It went successfully at Dectar last 23 of March. Im really happy with the outcomes.

Today i’m going to discuss about Phases of inclusion and provision of public law.  The provision of public law includes the Education for Handicapped Children Act Amendments of 1986.

Numerous section of PL 94-142[1975] were amended when President Reagan signed into law of Education of  the Handicapped Act Amendments of 1986.Provision includes the following:

-All the rights and protection of PL 94-142[Part B] were extended to children with disabilities ages 3 to 5 years in the school year of 1990-1991. To support the achievement of this objective,The preschool incentive Grant programme was revised to reflect authorization of a dramatic increase in  the federal fiscal contribution.

-A new state grant programme  for disabled infants and toddlers.

-A statements of the child’s present level of physical development , cognitive development, language and speech development and so on, which is based on professionally acceptable objective criteria.

there are some legal implications:

-With the concurrence of the family a  statement of the family’s strength needs related to enhancing the development of the child.

– Other services and the steps that will be undertaken to secure those services.

-The projected dates for initiation of the services and the anticipated duration.

The major features of the provision 99-457 are as follows:

  • Establishes state-level interagency councils on early intervention.
  • Institutes individualized family service plans (IFSPs)
  • Provides case management services to families
  • Maintains a public awareness program that includes a comprehensive child find system and a central early intervention resource directory.
  • Requires the development of a multidisciplinary, coordinated interagency model of service delivery.
  • Establishes procedural safeguards.
  • Acknowledges the family to be the central focus of service.
  • Provides for smooth transitions as a family moves from one service or system to another.
  • Facilitates development of a comprehensive system of personnel development.

These amendments reauthorize the Education of Handicapped Act [EHA] and include a rigorous national agenda pertaining to more and better services to young special need children and their families.

 

Presentation1-public law……..

img60401                images -pub

There are six phases of inclusion. Students may be included by the definition of inclusion’promoting the restructure of general education so that all students are educated in that setting from the beginning of their school careers’.

1.Social inclusion

any student can be placed within general education and not to be accepted. The appropriate social skills for social integration are not taught or have not been taught.

2. Emotional inclusion

After a student has received a majority of his/her education separated from general education and is returned to general education,an emotional shock from change may arise. Rules, routines,procedures and so forth are different. Classwork and assignments are new.

3. Behavioural inclusion

New behaviours are expected as environments change- both for students and teachers. Many students behaviours became misbehaviours when inclusion occurs.

4. Physical inclusion

his face of inclusion probably was the first concept for inclusion and relates to the mandate of least restrictive environment. The placement met the concept of the law may not have allowed for an appropriate eduction.

5. Academic inclusion

Physical inclusion is normal. Academic inclusion needs growth.

6.Inclusion by Assessment standards

Assessment have moved to the front of educational conversation.It also had become a front-runner in issue of inclusion.

The rights of a child with disability to a free and appropriate education in the least restrictive environment remains guaranteed by law.

legislation      kamu_hukuk

The Miracle Worker….:)

A very good morning….

This week, i’m going to do a reflection on a movie which was great and inspired me as a future teacher.  The movie is entitled as ‘The Miracle Worker’.

We watched the movie during our tutorial class when Ummi was away to UNITEN. It was such a great movie to get watched. The Miracle Worker is based on a true story of Helen Keller who is a American author, political activist, and lecturer. Helen became deaf and blind due to an illness at the age of 19 months which is acute congestion of stomach and brain. But the age of 10 months, She can speak and listen as a normal person. At that time, she was able to communicate with Martha Washington, the 6 year old daughter of the cook who understood her sign Helen had a desperate feelings to talk and listen and she was also depressed when peoples surrounding her can do so and she can’t communicate with them. She had a hard life…Her parents pampered her too much and provides her a candy every time she did something. They just let her behave in her own wish because of love and care. The only way Helen’s father thought of is sending to an asylum. They never taught her any good behavior….Then, a teacher named Annie Sullivan was appointed to teach the child.When she came to the house, she started the teaching process using a word named d-o-l-l  for the doll she had brought for Helen as present. Helen was frustrated at first when she did not understand that every objects have it’s own name. Miss Annie suffers a lot because of Helen. She must be really calm and patient. If i were her, surely i can’t cope with the child. Miss Annie suffers hardship when she tries to make Helen to talk. She teach Helen to behave and so on….

She was a great teacher in my point of view. Although Helen had done many things to her, she still copes with it and tried her best to make Helen talk. She brought Helen to a place where Helen can learn. Her dad was disagree with her but Miss Annie still negotiate with him and she only gets two weeks of time…

For me, the time is not enough because of Helen’s condition. She needs more time to learn to imitate and speak. She was too pampered until her behavior changed when she go back home. If her parents taught her everything at first, she won’t suffer like this.But everybody is busy with their work. Moreover, Helen has a half brother who always condemn her. But at last he will repent. Miss Annie was so dedicated to her job. She was strong with her decision to make Helen speak. At last, Helen spoke a word which is w-a-t-e-r and everybody was happy. Then, from the day onwards, Miss Annie stayed with Helen for the rest of  her lifetime. It  was the beginning of 49 years old relationship, Sullivan evolving into governess and eventual companion.

Capture 12images-tmw2

Capture 15      Capture 16

4TH REFLECTION – Multiple Intelligence…..

The theory of multiple intelligences was proposed by Howard Gardner in his 1983 book Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences as a model of intelligence that differentiates intelligence into specific (primarily sensory) “modalities”, rather than seeing it as dominated by a single general ability.

Gardner argues that there is a wide range of cognitive abilities, and that there are only very weak correlations among them. For example, the theory postulates that a child who learns to multiply easily is not necessarily more intelligent than a child who has more difficulty on this task. The child who takes more time to master multiplication may best learn to multiply through a different approach, may excel in a field outside mathematics, or may be looking at and understanding the multiplication process at a fundamentally deeper level. Such a fundamental understanding can result in slowness and can hide a mathematical intelligence potentially higher than that of a child who quickly memorizes the multiplication table despite possessing a less deep understanding of the process of multiplication.

Intelligence tests and psychometrics have generally found high correlations between different aspects of intelligence, rather than the low correlations which Gardner’s theory predicts, supporting the prevailing theory of  general intelligences rather than multiple intelligences (MI). The theory has been widely criticized by mainstream psychology for its lack of empirical evidence, and its dependence on subjective judgement. Certain models of alternative education employ the approaches suggested by the theory.

Multiple intelligence quiz is a form which helps us to determine which intelligence are strongest for you.If we are a teacher, we can use it to find out which intelligence that the learners use the most.Psychologist Howard Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligence suggests that there are many different kinds of intelligence.

 

I had tried  Howard Gardner’s multiple intelligence  quiz. It is really interesting as i can know my strength and weakness through it. I can search for my self smart, logic smart, nature smart,music smart, body smart, picture smart and people smart.

This is my multiple intelligence result…..

Through the result, we can know what we are strong and weak in.

For me, it is a good personality test that everyone should try..

Multiple Intelligences Quiz Your Results: Linguistic-Verbal Intelligence
Linguistic-verbal intelligence is centered on spoken and written language abilities. People with strong linguistic-verbal intelligence enjoy both reading and writing. They tend to learn best when they read or hear information and often enjoy debating or giving persuasive speeches.Common characteristics of linguistic-verbal intelligence:

  • Good at explaining things to others
  • Able to use humor when telling stories
  • Strong ability to listen and remember spoken information
  • Understands both the literal and figurative meaning of words
  • Able to use language in many different ways, such as to entertain, to persuad and to inform
  • Strong grammar skills

Learn more about this type of intelligence and some of the best career options for people who are strong in this area in this overview of linguistic-verbal intelligence.j